Many people from abroad say that they plan to relocate to (or visit) Holland. People from Holland (the two provinces of North and South Holland) say that they live in the Netherlands.
Holland or the Netherlands?
Holland is a part of the Netherlands, consisting of the provinces North and South Holland. It is the most densely populated area of the Netherlands, South Holland leading with 1291 people per square kilometre. There are twelve provinces in the Netherlands. The least densely populated province of the Netherlands is Drenthe, in the nothern part of the Netherlands with 185 people per km2. The reason why Drenthe is less populated is mainly because of the lack of big companies there. It is a very beautiful province, where many people like to spend a weekend to enjoy the nature.
North and South Holland are not just the most densely populated provinces, they also host the most (international) companies, with Amsterdam as the absolute most popular location. From the 2.861.593 registered companies in the Netherlands, almost 1.200.000 are located in North and South Holland. No wonder that most people live and work here…
Third in line with respect to the number of registered companies is the province of North Brabant, where over 400.000 companies are located. Eindhoven is ‘brain city’ with a technical university and many technology companies. The population density in North Brabant is 509 people per square kilometre.
Official name of the Netherlands
The official name of the Netherlands is Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Kingdom actually consists of four countries; the Netherlands, and the Dutch/Caribian countries of Aruba, Curaçao and (the Dutch part of) Saint Martin. In this Caribian part of the Netherlands (last piece of the colonial period) Bonaire, St. Eustatius, and Saba are considered as Dutch cities.
For a very nice explanation of Holland versus the Netherlands (and why the Dutch language is called Dutch and not Netherlandish) please see this video.